Sunday, December 8, 2013

Keystone XL Pipeline, Prevent Future Tragedy Now: Qingdao Pipeline Explosion Kills 62 (& other energy news updates)

While this post started out as an anti Keystone XL Pipeline article, related fights continue and I am reporting some as they occur.


[1/24/17  President Donald Trump has just signed executive actions on Keystone XL and Dakota Access pipelines.  350.com is leading the effort to fight them and submitted the following information I am condensing.  Another hopeful thought is that Canada now has a pro environment leader who may have his own powers on the XL issue.
     "Already more than 50,000 people have pledged to fight these projects to the end.
Trump made it seem he was approving these pipelines, but he didn't. Both Dakota Access and Keystone XL face legal, procedural and financial hurdles -- not to mention the multi-million person opposition to his administration.
Here's what you need to know about Trump's actions Tuesday:
  • He did *not* approve Keystone XL or Dakota Access. He briefly succeeded in confusing a lot of people on this point (including me, I will admit).
  • On Dakota Access, he told the Army Corps of Engineers that the pipeline is in our "national interest" and told them to "consider" revoking the environmental review placed on it by the Obama Administration.
  • On Keystone XL, he invited TransCanada to re-apply...mandated a final decision on the pipeline within 60 days and waived input from environmental agencies.
  • And when TransCanada does re-apply, they no longer have permits in Nebraska, and their permits in South Dakota are being challenged.
  • Trump also placed conditions on approval of the pipelines -- like limiting oil exports, and determining where the steel comes from -- that the oil companies might not accept.
If either pipeline moves forward, they will face fierce, mobilized resistance from Indigenous communities and landowners who will bear the biggest impacts of spills and toxic pollution on their lands.
In other words: it ain't over until it's over -- and it's definitely not over. Every pledge is a demonstration that this mass movement is prepared and ready to resist. We, the signers, are a warning to any company, bank, or politician who chooses to support fossil fuel projects that will further tip our climate past its limits. 
These pipelines will transport more oil we don't need, and our climate can't bear. We have the solutions to transform our energy system and the power and will to fight for them.
Onwards, Duncan
Sources: 1) "Significant Obstacles Remain in Building Keystone XL" National Resources Defense Council.  2) "The Standing Rock Sioux Tribe’s Litigation on the Dakota Access Pipeline" EarthJustice"
[12/13/16] - With the election of Donald Trump, and his selection of Texas governor, Rick Perry, for Energy Secretary we can expect rough sailing ahead.  Already Trump's Energy Department transition team has asked for the names of people who have worked on climate change as well as professional society membership of lab workers.  The US Energy Dept. said Tuesday it will not comply with this request which includes 74 questions.  One asks for a list of all department employees and contractors who in the last 5 years attended annual global climate talks hosted by the United Nations.  "This feels like the first draft of an eventual political enemies list," said one DOE employee who requested anonymity for fear of reprisal. 

[12/13/16] - This site has a 42 minute podcast detailing aspects of the protest.  Here are 6 other links to articles and maps on the Dakota situation, other leak - spill, and protester's stories.  While researching the Dakota issue I encountered this very pro First Americans background story on their shameful historical treatment.   Surprisingly, I found the link to this article at the oil industry information site bakken.com.  I also found the exciting story on how First Nation residents of Nova Scotia are adding over 20 Megawatts of renewable wind energy to the grid as part of their $1 billion+ contribution to the overall economy.
[11/22/16] - Brutality has continued at the Dakota Access Pipeline protest area as protesters are shot with water cannons in sub-freezing weather.  One protester may loose her arm after being illegally hit with a concussion grenade.  Protesters met in Washington, DC on 11/27/16 to march from the Dept. of Justice (1201 Pennsylvania Ave., NW) at noon to a 1pm rally at Sylvan Theater a little south of the Washington Monument at the intersection of Independence Ave., SW and 15th St.  This follows an 11/15/16 rally at the Army Corp of Engineers in DC urging denial of a permit to continue the pipeline in Sioux territory.
[9/9/16] - The most recent anti oil action is being led by the Standing Rock Sioux whose area in North Dakota is being overrun by the Dakota Access Pipeline's 1,172-mile conduit planned to carry crude from ND to southern Illinois.  Other potentially affected tribes also object, and over 1,000 people have joined a protest encampment. A possible ancient Indian burial ground was plowed up before the state historic preservation office could evaluate it.  The pipeline will cross their essential water source multiple times.  Remember what happened to the Kalamazoo River when a pipeline broke, covered earlier in this blog.  This summer penalties over $100 million were finally ordered.
     Dr. Jill Stein, Green Party national candidate for President is facing an arrest warrent for spray-painting a Dakota Access bulldozer after a video of this activity was posted online.  Other protesters have experience numerous macings and been attacked and bitten by dogs.  The federal government has stepped in to help after a Judge ruled against the protesters.

[5/11/16] - Irony strikes the tar sands oil industry a devastating blow as an overheated late winter in Canada leads to destructive forest fires.  On May 1st, the 80,000 city of Fort McMurray was severely threatened and areas were burning leading to TOTAL evacuation of the city and 20% of houses burned (good charts and maps).  This May 21st article suggests people MIGHT be able to move back on June 1st if the weather improves fire conditions.  This June 5th technical article updates production info.

[3/15/16] - President Obama has just ruled out oil exploration off the Atlantic Coast.  However, he did approve some drilling in the Caribbean and Alaska.  As commentor, Drop_the_GOP, at the above link observed, "Three simple points:
1) Obama can abandon anything he likes, but in about 8 months is irrelevant.
2) Obama might be able to block some drilling for a while, but that is all.
3) Oil companies drill for oil and oil companies have not given up drilling in Atlantic."
     In other words this is no time to sit back and relax as oil company interest continues.  [especially now that Trump has been elected]  Apparently this ruling may run to 2022, and the Pentagon played a part because of their concern for Navy activities at the Atlantic Coast.  This British article does a particularly good job of identifying the many players.

12/13/15 - For the moment this issue is quiet.   Oil prices are falling through the floor, natural gas prices are at record lows, many oil wells are being mothballed, addition oil storage is being created for the overflow, and it is not currently economic to produce tar sands oil.  Beware of future changes in this picture and renewed activity by the tar sands developers.  The dangers of pipelines and oil trains continue. [especially with the surprise election of Donald Trump]

First information here.  Once again the Keystone XL Pipeline issue is heating up.  It is even worse now the newly elected Republicans control both Houses of Congress.  More and more pressure has been applied to President Obama to have the State Department approve building the Pipeline from Canada to Oklahoma.  The portion from the giant oil hub at Cushing, OK to Houston refineries is already under construction.  I asked a pro environment person from Texas how serious that was.  His said that area is already so damaged by the oil industry an additional pipeline makes little difference.  This link describes 45 oil disasters in 2013 the industry doesn't want you to know about. 

President Obama has exercised his promised veto, and hopefully neither house has the 2/3rd vote to overturn the veto.  Call your Congressman (202-224-3121, and ask to be transferred to your Representative or Senator).  When you reach them ask for the staff person dealing with this issue, and ask if they will read this article, then get their email address and send the link.  If they are Democrats ask them to try to persuade the defectors to support the President and the environment.

10/19/15 - This just in.  Conservative, pro oil, Prime Minister Stephen Harper has just lost election to Liberal Justin Trudeau.  Hopefully, he will be able to institute much better pro environment policies, and the XL Pipeline issue will fade away.  The link has many comments discussing implications of this victory

Here is the list of 28 Democrats who have just voted with Republicans to approve the Pipeline (Jan. 2015).  Call their staff person responsible for this issue and email this link if they will give you an email address, and some of the horror photos of pipeline  and oil transport disasters.  Here is a Congressional contact list with phone numbers and web sites.We need lots more renewables ASAP.
Brad Ashford (NE-02)
Sanford Bishop (GA-02)
Bob Brady (PA-01)
Cheri Bustos (IL-17)
Jim Clyburn (SC-06)
Jim Cooper (TN-05)
Jim Costa (CA-16)
Henry Cuellar (TX-28)
Mike Doyle (PA-14)
Gwen Graham (FL-02)
Al Green (TX-09)
Gene Green (TX-29)
Sheila Jackson Lee (TX-18)
Dan Lipinski (IL-03)
David Loebsack (IA-02)
Sean Maloney (NY-18)
Patrick Murphy (FL-18)
Rick Nolan (MN-08)
Donald Norcross (NJ-01)
Colin Peterson (MN-07)
Cedric Richmond (LA-02)
Kurt Schrader (OR-05)
David Scott (GA-13)
Terri Sewell (AL-07)
Albio Sires (NJ-08)
Marc Veasey (TX-33)
Filemon Vela (TX-34)
Tim Walz (MN-01)
Ruben Hinojosa (TX-15) and Bennie Thompson (MS-02) were not in attendance but probably would have also voted YES had they been there.
Recently I heard there were two problems that ought to sway Republican opinion.  Apparently, Canada, a foreign country, is being given the right to exercise eminent domain against American citizens' property.  Also the Canadian tar sands oil companies are NOT being required to pay into a fund all other oil companies do, to pay for accidents and spills.  Republicans are saying that if we don't allow Canada to build here, then they will build to their west coast and ship oil to China.  First of all their native Americans are fighting this tooth and nail, and secondly Republicans are saying the oil is going to be used here in the US and lower gas costs.  Used in China or here, make up your minds guys!

[9/23/2015]  Hillary Clinton has now followed Sanders in declaring herself to be against the XL Pipeline.  Now all we have to do is get one of them elected.

Here is a spill which occurred in North Dakota on March 20, 2014.  There are a lot of comments.  People are beginning to realize that once the pipelines are built, most of the jobs will actually be for repairing the damage these pipeline spills and breaks cause. Here is an interesting analysis of the impact, good and bad, of major oil development in North Dakota.  I wonder how many jobs were created by the $1 billion+ Kalamazoo River spill of tar sands oil (dilbit) from a 6 foot diameter pipe?  A recent follow-up reports a mixed outcome on this 2010 mess, and that at one time 300 people were working on the clean-up.  

A recent spill (Jan. 19, 2015) has deposited 50,000 gallons of ND oil near and in the Yellowstone River.  The many comments are so interesting regarding environmental impact, I plan a separate blog article to highlight this issue.  There are beautiful photos of the Yellowstone.  A map shows the Keystone XL Pipeline route in that area.

Here is another North Dakota spill which is larger than all spills there in the past 10 year. Photos and a detailed description show how much work is involved in correcting this leak from a quarter-sized hole.  This recent gas pipeline spill in Michigan has resulted in the evacuation of 500 people who are being sheltered outside their homes [Sept. 2014].  It was a 24 or 36 inch pipe and people have not even begun to assess how much harm it has caused.  The line is owned by Trans Canada and runs from Canada to Texas.

Two years ago the North Dakota oil patch had grown so much that in this space night photo it is as large and bright as the largest US metropolitan complexes.  The light produced by flare-off burning (waste) of natural gas from fracking processes, is permitted by the government and produces large quantities of air pollution. 

The significant drop in gasoline prices starting in November 2014 should also impact the XL Pipeline issue.  According to this article, 92% of tar sands oil production needs a per barrel price of $95 to be profitable, and the rest needs $75.   Light crude for Jan. 2015 is around $63, and futures don't even break $73 until Dec. 2021.  The heavier Brent crude is currently (Dec. 2014) below $67 and is still expected to be below $83 in Dec. 2021.  As of Jan. 6, 2015, crude is around $50 a barrel. Thus, for the moment, they may have a poor argument for building the pipeline.  Be sure the new Congresspeople know this.

Recently (Nov. 2014), New Jersey has approved allowing a Perth Amboy facility to handle larger amounts of tar sands oil by train shipment.  This is approval for the area around the Perth Amboy location which is flat land and probably does not have the grade risks that led to the Lac Megantic disaster.  New Jersey also has a good record regarding safe oil handling.  On the other hand, overland transport is not covered by the current approval and no doubt needs thorough evaluation.

[11/4/15 - A conference will be held this month on the subject of oil train disasters.  Although there have been agreements to use stronger oil cars, this probably will not be enough to prevent additional problems.  See below for horrific photos and more information on the deadly Lac Megantic tragedy.]

From April 22 to 27, 2014 the Cowboy and Indian Alliance descended on DC for a week of stop Keystone XL action.  Reject and Protect brought tribal communities, ranchers, farmers and friends to DC to call on Pres. Obama to reject the pipeline with it's threat to climate, land, water, and tribal rights.  People wishing to support their efforts should click the link above to their site.  The Hip Hop Caucus with Rev. Yearwood also had a DC event as part of their Act on Climate Tour, on April 22, 2014. This short video from The Washington Post shows the Mall encampment.  This link shows the severity of environmental damage in tar sands country, Canada.  No wonder the Indians are up in arms!

The latest information is that now the Senate may do an end run around the President.  [May 2014] Here is a list of current climate change deniers in the House and Senate. Contact your Senators, send them disaster photos from the links listed below.  Use these photos with the new Congresspeople.  Also use with all your state and local elected representatives if they need to make oil related decisions.  Convince them more pipelines especially with this unusually dangerous oil are a really bad idea.  Urge them to pass legislation that will encourage more solar, wind and other renewable energy sources.  This should include R & D for cellulosic ethanol rather than using corn for ethanol production.

Over 100 people died in 2013, primarily from two major oil shipment disasters--one is a pipeline in China, the other an oil tanker car train on the US/Canada border.  Cleanup of a toxic dilbit (tar sands) oil spill on the Kalamazoo River has already cost over $1 billion and is still not clean.  This link has a number of articles detailing this spill as well as other pipelines of major concern, including a 60 year old one in the Mackinac Straits between the US and Canada Your elected leaders need to know how you feel about this.  Anyone who says transporting this oil is harmless, I DARE you to look at the photos in the two links further down and this one.
While Canadian tar sands oil and the pipelines or trains to carry it can contribute to long range climate disaster, people who are not climate activists are more likely to be persuaded to care by immediate disaster scenarios.  The massive, mile long, Qingdao oil pipeline explosion that killed 62 people has received very little media coverage in the US, and is being suppressed in China. This link explains Qingdao censorship by China, as does this one.  Is it also being suppressed in our country?  This China based follow-up report on the Qingdao disaster outlines the Social, Environmental and Economic effects of the disaster as well as ideas for prevention and mitigation.

[11/2/15]  This February 2014 article laments the death of so many people because of carelessness after the initial leak was detected.  The repair team discovered a hole about two hand-spans in size and crude oil was leaking into a sewage pipe.  No one including EPA workers there had considered the possibility of explosion, even though crude oil vapor was visibly mixing with highly-flammable sewage methane gas.  No fire department officials were there to advise.  The area was not sealed off and all 20 repair people died in the explosion which turned the crossroads into a smoking crater.  This report suggested that the agencies and personnel responsible would not be held accountable as the deaths are simply an embarrassment to both industry and politicians.

Commentary on one Chinese netizen site even suggests the late 2013 flap about flying over certain islands was a ruse to distract Chinese people from the disaster and focus anger on Japan.  Was Vice President Biden aware of this prior to his China visit??  There seems to be no recent Qingdao news at Google, and the Chinese and South Korea are now making nice, with SK helping to return bodies of Chinese soldiers buried in SK during the Korean War.

On Nov. 27, 2013, China's Ruler visited Qingdao where stories praised the lovely emergency shelters and good food provided by the military.  The same day, China, without warning announced an expanded defense zone off its coast, which prompted angry responses from Japan, South Korea, and the US as is shown in this link.  I predict that soon after Biden's visit, they will relax this crisis as they hold trials for those "responsible" for this disaster and promised major reforms.  A more recent story shows the damage to sea life from oil that flowed into the bay.  The latest articles for 2014 at this Google site mention that 63 people will be punished and that Sinopec (the company in charge) will pay damages.

The disaster happened on Nov. 22, 2013,in the port city of Qingdao. A 15 minute leak, failure to evacuate nearby people, and 7 hours later a huge explosion occurred.  [See horrific photos in 3rd link below.]  The most recent/final? count is 62 dead and 136 hospital treated.  Nine arrested, a national day of morning, and near silence except for nice human interest stories.  Very little meat with the potatoes.  See below.


This article points out that China plans to do a major infrastructure study throughout the country.  Should we do the same with our oil pipeline system, some of which are decades old, like the Enbridge pipline that caused the $billion plus Kalamazoo River toxic spill?  Do we have dangerous infrastructure siting issues here in the US, and specifically here in DC?  Yes we do, see last paragraph for details and link on a significant current issue that our Council has not addressed.  This link looks at important urban planning issues and danger to the public.

This link on Dec 7, 2013, has many youtube short clips and a long detailed explanation of how the disaster unfolded if you click "show more".  The following material includes two links with scores of photos from both the Qingdao pipeline disaster and the Lac Megantic oil train disaster.  Please forward these terrible pictures to as many movers and shakers as possible.  The danger is here and now, costly in lives and clean up, not just in some questioned (not by us) distant future.  Both disasters cost around 50 deaths. Moving certain kinds of oil including tar sands and some types of Bakken shale oil is far more dangerous than conventionally recovered oil types as explained here. These oils are also far more corrosive to the tank cars and pipelines transporting them.  Moreover, recent investigations show that these problems have been known for several years, and shipping is still being poorly regulated.  The material below was written 4 days after the Qingdao disaster when I first heard about it. 

"In watching US news sources, I have failed to see the most recent major pipeline disaster in Qingdao, China mentioned.  It helps to look at the TV 30 channels, especially those from China.

This pipeline leak, fire, and explosion has killed at least 55 people, wounded over 150, with others still missing, and some arrested by the government for neglect and other (non terrorist) charges.  See links below:  the second with a huge number of photos makes a powerful impression."



I have participated in a number of Stop the Keystone XL Pipeline events, including the one at the State Dept. where 70 people had committed to being arrested.  This is one more massive piece of evidence of why we need to move away from fossil fuels as quickly as possible.  First we had the tar sands oil pipeline spill at the Kalamazoo River costing more than $1 billion to clean, so far unfinished, forcing people to abandon their lovely riverfront homes.  Wikipedia has an excellent article on the spill, explaining that Enbridge (the pipeline owner) knew in 2005 there were safety issues with this 40 year old pipe.  The Michigan Coalition Against the Tar Sands (MICATS) has been mobilizing activism:
http://interoccupy.net/blog/tim-dechristopher-lends-support-to-mi-cats-felons/  Students at McGill and elsewhere are urging universities, as are people in cities, to divest their investments in oil companies and related industries.  Washington, DC, has an active Divest effort.

Then we had the horrific run-away train derailing and exploding in the Canadian border town of Lac Megantic, incinerating 47 people and a big chunk of downtown.  A recent update reports that although safety rules/laws have been changed, there are big loopholes with bigger dangers:
http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/loopholes-mean-crude-going-untested/article15575886/
A Jan. 1, 2014 editorial by the Montreal Gazette calls for a mandated judicial inquiry, as it appears the government can't be trusted with the regulator process or investigation.  I Googled for more follow-up in 2014.  If you skip the first few stories regarding reopening the Lac Megantic library, there are a number of likely looking articles.
There has even been a more recent (2014) explosion in rural Alabama from a train carrying similar ND volatile Bakken oil.  For those who have forgotten, or for those who should see them, like our legislators, hundreds more horror photos.

Some suspect there may have been sabotage by pipeline interests to show how dangerous rail shipping is, the bottom line is that oil is dangerous to ship by whatever method, and some oils much more so than others.  Solar and wind can never cause the catastrophic damage and death already caused by oil, gas and coal.  We must move as quickly as possible away from carbon fuels (some will always be needed) and embrace the full potential of solar, wind, and super insulation.  

Please use these links to further environmental activism and alert our people and politicians to the very current dangers.  Now we can compare visually the impact of oil train versus oil pipeline catastrophe and human error.  On Dec. 30, 2013, another oil train explosion occurred in a small (under 2,500) town 20 miles from Fargo, ND.  A grain train derailed hitting the oil train and exploding cars.  Fifty of the 104 cars have been pulled away, but the fire is so intense they are just letting it burn and debating whether to evacuate the entire town.  Should we think, oh, no, we must use pipelines, here is a recent summary of big pipeline problems.  And this Wiki article on 21st Century accidents lists 34 just for 2013.

Here is the best argument I have seen to use against those who would say these oil train explosions are a good reason to build Keystone, plus an excellent comment.
"Keystone supporters will try to use these dreadful Bakken tank car explosions to make the case for the Tar Sands pipeline. Here's why that's way off base: These rolling bombs from Bakken contain condensate, the extremely light crude oil that comes out of fracked wells.... This product is highly explosive and it is a huge problem. Ask Quebec. [Lac Megantic disaster]  Tar Sands dilbit is a mixture of putty-like bituminous oil thinned with...condensate. But rail cars can haul bituminous oil thinned down with only 15 percent condensate. Still dangerous, but it does not create mushroom clouds. Keystone will require 30 percent condensate to make it thin enough to flow, making these pipelines potentially more explosive than rail cars from Canada. Most of the reasons for approving Keystone don't hold up. The rail safety argument is not only bogus, it is an implied threat from a foreign power: build our pipeline, or we'll run these rolling bombs through your towns. Maybe Nebraska is the only place in the country with enough brass to stand up to this."

A critical issue is that these recent train accidents mostly involved the newer stronger oil cars which were supposed to greatly lower risk.  They don't seem to be doing the job, and many question if grateful politicians can ever be persuaded to insist that the oil industry institute serious improvements.

One last word--what exactly do we know about the dangers of having freight hauled through our own Washington, DC?  What kinds of toxic, flammable or explosive materials are allowed on DC railroad tracks?  How good are our emergency response plans and responders?  Would they wait 7 hours before evacuating DC residents in a dangerous situation?  Does anyone have an informative comment?  In 2013 I decided not to wait for information from others and found this link.  It describes current planned rail construction in DC which Eleanor Holmes Norton has viewed with alarm.  Our City Council held hearings in 2014, but with a new Council and a lawsuit, perhaps another look is advisable.  Our Council must demand certainty regarding types of cargo carried.  Philadelphia has now (Feb. 2015) decided to take a good look at rail dangers to that city. Unanswered questions were also asked in Olympia, Washington.

A major urban train fire occurred in Baltimore, MD in 2001, there was also a problem in DC that same year.  Both are reported on in this study prepared for the US Dept. of Transportation.  This link includes a number of articles detailing problems that still exist more than 10 years after the accident.  Here are a large number of photos on this fire and others.  DC residents are very concerned about the potential dangers of the DC tunnel reconstruction, especially for the 5 years it will be open to the sky.

While viewing various links about the recent oil train derailment and fire in West Virginia, I came across the information that CSX, which was the responsible party for this accident and another one in April 2014, is running their trains through DC.  While there is a voluntary agreement that they will not run hazardous cargo through DC, is that really acceptable?  Transporting this highly flammable ND Bakken oil through our nation's capital should be absolutely forbidden!  View these links and imagine such a disaster in the heart of DC.

Is this our future?  [62 dead]  Qingdao, China

Have Chinese hackers removed this picture?  See this link, Comment below and insert the photo that I should use to replace this blank.  Further down in this list of images you will find other disasters shown as well.

Damage caused by the Qingdao pipeline explosion

Or is this?  [47 dead]  Lac Megantic, Canada